Academic Departments

Courses in Old Testament Studies

OT1001 - Old Testament Criticism
An introductory study of Old Testament criticism, including theories on the text and its composition, modern methods of textual analysis, canonicity, and the history, theory, and practice of Old Testament criticism. (2 hours)

OT1002 - Historical Hebrew Grammar
An inductive and deductive study of biblical Hebrew from the perspective of its historical development within the Semitic family of languages. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the Hebrew proficiency exam. (3 hours)

OT1003 - Adv OT Biblical Theology
consistent, comprehensive, and integrative biblical theology. Prerequisite: OT705 Introduction to Old Testament Biblical Theology. (2 hours)

OT1004 - Exegesis in the Torah
An exegetical, critical, and literary study of selected passages in the Torah, designed to enhance an appreciation and comprehension of the literature and an understanding of how it contributes to the overall purpose and message of the Old Testament. (3 hours)

OT1005 - Exegesis in the Prophets
An exegetical, critical, and literary study of selected passages in the Prophets, designed to enhance an appreciation and comprehension of the literature and an understanding of how it contributes to the overall purpose and message of the Old Testament. (3 hours)

OT1006 - Exegesis in the Writings
An exegetical, critical, and literary study of passages in hymnic, apocalyptic, and wisdom literature designed to enhance an appreciation and comprehension of the literature and an understanding of how it contributes to the overall purpose and message of the Old Testament. (3 hours)

OT1008 - Old Testament Dissertation
Independent research and writing of a dissertation on an approved topic pertaining to Old Testament studies, under the supervision of three faculty advisers. (3 hours)

OT1009 - Old Testament Diss Continuation
The dissertation continuation course is required of all students writing a dissertation who are beyond one year in the dissertation process. Students must register for this course each fall and spring until completion of the dissertation. (1 hour)

OT101 - Elements of Hebrew I
An introduction to the basic principles of Hebrew phonology and morphology. (3 hours)

OT102 - Elements of Hebrew II
A study of Hebrew morphology and syntax as well as an introduction to text criticism and to the basic tools and methods of lexical analysis. Includes translation of the Book of Jonah, with lexical analysis of key words and syntactical analysis of selected forms, phrases, and clauses. (3 hours)

OT103 - Hebrew Exegesis & OT Intro I
An introduction to the exegesis of Hebrew narrative and poetry, including a review of Hebrew morphology, syntax, and lexical analysis in conjunction with translation of the Book of Ruth and the exegesis of selected Psalms. Prerequisite: NT101-102 Elements of Greek, OT101 Elements of Hebrew I, and OT102 Elements of Hebrew II or a satisfactory score on the advanced-standing exams. (3 hours)

OT104 - Hebrew Exegesis & OT Intro II
An application of methods introduced in OT102-103 to selected passages from prophetic, wisdom, apocalyptic, and /or legal literature as well as a survey of the cultural, literary, and theological backgrounds of the Old Testament and an introduction to various forms of Old Testament criticism. Prerequisite: OT103 Hebrew Exegesis I or a satisfactory score on the advanced-standing exam. (3 hours)

OT2005 - Adv OT Textual Criticism
(3 hours)

OT2010 - Intro to the Dead Sea Scrolls
An introduction to the historical, archaeological, and linguistic backgrounds of the Qumran materials, with attention given to the analysis of selections from 1QIsaa. Emphasis is on the relevance of the scrolls to textual criticism of the Hebrew Bible and the contribution of the scrolls to the study of historical Hebrew grammar. (3 hours)

OT2015 - History of the Ancient Near East
A survey of the major peoples and cultures of the ancient Near Eastern world with attention to their relationship and contribution to Old Testament Israel and to the interpretation of the Old Testament Scriptures. (2 hours)

OT2020 - Intro to Akkadian
An introduction to the most important ancient Near Eastern Semitic languages and their major comparative features. The course surveys the basic grammar of Akkadian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, and Arabic, and considers how to use the resources available for the study of these languages for research in the text of the Old Testament. (3 hours)

OT2025 - Readings in Akkadian
A course devoted to the reading and analysis of selected Akkadian legal and mythological texts. The significance of Akkadian literature for the study of the Old Testament will be emphasized. Prerequisite: OT2020 Introduction to Semitic Languages. (2 hours)

OT2030 - Introduction to Ugaritic
An introduction to Ugaritic grammar, with reading and analysis of selected poetic texts that have special bearing on the literature and thought of old Testament Israel. (3 hours)

OT2035 - NW Semitic Inscriptions
Translation and analysis of Aramaic, Hebrew, Phoenician, and other Northwest Semitic inscriptions with emphasis on their contribution to Old Testament studies. (3 hours)

OT2040 - Intro to Aramaic Targums
An introduction to the grammar and syntax of targumic Aramaic, with selected readings from the major Aramaic Targums. Attention is given to targumic translation techniques and the relevance of targumic studies to Old and New Testament research. (3 hours)

OT2045 - Intro to Syriac
An introduction to the grammar and syntax of classical Syriac, with readings from both biblical and extrabiblical Syriac texts. Particular attention is given to the value of a working knowledge of Syriac for Old and New Testament studies. (3 hours)

OT205 - Old Testament Intro
An investigation of the roots, development, and impact of various critical approaches to the Old Testament with a view to understanding and responding to them. Special attention is given to how modern criticism affects exegesis, interpretation, and theology. (This elective is highly recommended for students intending to pursue doctoral studies in Old Testament.) (2 hours)

OT2050 - Readings in Syriac Literature
Practice in reading various Syriac texts, with particular attention given to the Syriac Peshitta. Emphasis is on developing a working knowledge of Syriac and an understanding of its application to biblical studies. Prerequisite: OT2045 Introduction to Syriac. (3 hours)

OT2055 - Introduction to Coptic
A study of the basic principles of phonology, morphology, and syntax for the Sahidic dialect of the Coptic language. The course will provide experience in translation and analysis of selected Coptic texts, introduction to the major scholarly tools available for Coptic research, and discussion of the relevance of Coptic studies for biblical and theological research. (3 hours)

OT206 - Seminar in Old Testament Criticism I
(3 hours)

OT2060 - Seminar in Ancient Near Eastern Literature
(2 hours)

OT2065 - Biblical Aramaic
(3 hours)

OT207 - Seminar in Old Testament Criticism II
(2 hours)

OT210 - The Old Testament in Contemporary Culture
(3 hours)

OT302 - Historical Hebrew Grammar
(3 hours)

OT305 - Advanced Hebrew Grammar
An advanced study of Hebrew grammar and syntax as an essential phase of Old Testament exegesis. The major steps in grammatical and syntactical analysis are explored and then applied to specific passages. (3 hours)

OT310 - Hebrew Reading
Studies in selected portions of the Old Testament to improve the student's ability to read Hebrew, emphasizing morphology, vocabulary, and syntactical recognition. Required of students with an Old Testament concentration in the Academic Ministries track or Interdisciplinary Studies track. Prerequisite: OT101 Introduction to Old Testament Language and Literature and OT102 Elements of Hebrew. (3 hours)

OT315 - OT Textual Criticism
A study of the history of the Hebrew text and versions of the Old Testament with a view to developing ability in doing textual criticism. Students gain practice in solving textual problems and in relating textual criticism to exegesis. (3 hours)

OT320 - The Septuagint
An introduction to the Greek translation of the Old Testament with attention to its value for textual and lexical studies. Selected Old Testament passages are studied in relation to their use in the New Testament. May also be credited in the Department of New Testament Studies. Prerequisites: OT101 Introduction to Old Testament Language and Literature, OT102 Elements of Hebrew, and NT101-102 Elements of Greek. (3 hours)

OT325 - Biblical Aramaic
A study of the basic principles of phonology, morphology, and syntax of biblical Aramaic. Translation and analysis of the Aramaic portions of Ezra and Daniel are accompanied by discussion of the relevance of Aramaic studies to Old and New Testament research. (3 hours)

OT330 - Introduction to Ugaritic
An introduction to Ugaritic grammar, with reading and analysis of selected poetic texts that have special bearing on the literature and thought of old Testament Israel. (3 hours)

OT335 - Northwest Semitic Inscriptions
(3 hours)

OT340 - Introduction to the Aramaic Targums
(3 hours)

OT345 - Introduction to Syriac
(3 hours)

OT360 - Introduction to Akkadian
(3 hours)

OT405 - Exegesis of Genesis
An exegetical study of the Book of Genesis in its cultural and historical setting, with attention to its critical problems, theological content, literary features, and modern exposition. (3 hours)

OT407 - Exegesis of Exodus
An exegetical study of Exodus in its cultural and historical setting, with attention to its literary features and contributions to theology. Attention will also be given to preparation for preaching and teaching and to enhancing facility in reading Hebrew. (3 hours)

OT408 - Exegesis of Leviticus
(3 hours)

OT410 - Exegesis of Deuteronomy
An exegesis of the Book of Deuteronomy with attention to argument, critical problems, and application. (3 hours)

OT415 - Exegesis of Judges-Samuel
An interpretive, literary, and theological study of selected portions from Judges, and 1 and 2 Samuel. The course will include an introduction to Old Testament narrative literature addressing issues of hermeneutics, theology, and application. (3 hours)

OT420 - Exegesis of Ecclesiastes
A literary, exegetical, and theological study of selected portions of the books of Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. The course will include an introduction to the major literary genres, motifs, and theological emphases of these books and address issues of hermeneutics, theology, and application. (3 hours)

OT425 - Exegesis of Proverbs
An exegetical study of selected portions of the Book of Proverbs in its cultural and historical setting, with attention to its critical problems, theological content, literary features, and modern exposition. (2 hours)

OT430 - Exegesis of Isaiah
An exegetical study of selected portions of Isaiah with attention to exegetical-theological method and homiletical application. Different portions of the book are studied in alternate years. (3 hours)

OT435 - Exegesis of Minor Prophets
An exegetical study of selected Minor Prophets with emphasis on principles of interpreting prophetic literature, exegetical-theological method, and homiletical application. (3 hours)

OT440 - Exegesis of Daniel
An exegetical and theological study of the Book of Daniel in its cultural and historical setting with attention to its critical problems, literary form, and present-day application. (3 hours)

OT445 - Exegesis of the Song of Songs
An exegetical study of Song of Songs (Song of Solomon) with special focus on the historical-cultural-literary interpretation of the book, as well as contemporary application and modern exposition. The exegesis will emphasize its literary features and the contribution of the literary genre of ancient Near Eastern love literature to understanding the book and dealing with interpretive problems. The course will also address introductory, critical, and hermeneutical issues unique to this book. (3 hours)

OT450 - Exegesis of Job
A literary, exegetical, and theological study of the Book of Job. The course will also address issues of hermeneutics, theology, and application. (3 hours)

OT455 - Exegesis of the Psalms
An exegetical study of selected Psalms, with special attention to interpretive methodology regarding the form and content of the Psalms as well as application to homiletics, small group ministry, and other ministry settings. (3 hours)

OT460 - Lamentations & the Role of Lament in the Church
A study of the poetry, genre, and message of Lamentations. The course will examine Near Eastern backgrounds, lament genre in the Bible, selected themes (such as divine abandonment), and the use of lament in the church. (2 hours)

OT505 - Intro to Exeg for Non-Hebrew Stu
An introduction to exegetical method and to Hebrew aids that can contribute to non-Hebrew students' understanding of the Scriptures. Students study selected aspects of Hebrew grammar, do word studies, solve interpretive problems, and state the exegetical synthesis as they work through selected Old Testament passages. (3 hours)

OT605 - OT Backgrounds
A survey of the physical, historical, and cultural world of the Old Testament with special attention to its influence on Israel and the Bible and to its value in a modern understanding and communication of the Old Testament. (2 hours)

OT606 - Seminar in Old Testament Backgrounds
(2 hours)

OT610 - History of Israel
A study of the history of Israel in the context of the ancient Near Eastern world. May also be credited in the Department of Bible Exposition. (2 hours)

OT615 - Israel Religion in ANE Context
A study of the religion of Israel in Old Testament times in both a descriptive and normative sense against the background of the historical, cultural, and religious world of which it was a part. May also be credited in the Department of Bible Exposition. (3 hours)

OT620 - Intro to Biblical Archaeology
An introduction to biblical archaeology from the Paleolithic Period through the Iron Age, focusing on significant archaeological discoveries in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Syria-Palestine. The course will survey the history of archaeology and modern archaeological method, with special attention to the exegesis related to the Old Testament. (3 hours)

OT625 - Field Work Biblical Archaeology
Exposure to and experience in the methods, process, and evaluation of archaeological research through participation in the excavation of a site of biblical significance. May also be credited in the departments of New Testament Studies (with permission) and Bible Exposition. Summers only. (3 hours)

OT705 - Intro to OT Biblical Theology
A study of the nature and history of the biblical theology movement, a survey of major contributors to the study of Old Testament biblical theology, and a proposal for doing biblical theology according to proper exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological method. May also be credited in the Department of Theological Studies. (3 hours)

OT710 - Knowing God through the OT
A study of divine names, titles, roles, attributes, and acts/self-revelation with a view to their relevance for Christian theology, worship, and ethics. The course will also compare and contrast Israelite monotheism with ancient Near Eastern polytheism in an effort to help the student appreciate the unique revelatory nature of Israel's religion. (3 hours)

OT715 - OT Anthroplogy and Ethics
A study of how the Old Testament contributes to understanding the nature and role of humankind as the pinnacle of God's creation, and ethical issues which the Christian confronts in modern culture. The course will address various anthropological and ethical issues from an Old Testament perspective, including the creation, nature, and purpose of humankind, the value of human life, human love and sexuality, marriage, child rearing, social relationships, work, wealth and poverty, social justice, and death. (3 hours)

OT720 - The Use of O.T. in N.T.
A textual, exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological study of selected quotations of the Old Testament in the New Testament. May also be credited in the Department of New Testament Studies or the Department of Bible Exposition. Prerequisites: OT101 Introduction to Old Testament Language and Literature, OT102 Elements of Hebrew, and NT101-NT102 Elements of Greek. (3 hours)

OT725 - Biblical Theology of Covenants
An exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological study of the major biblical covenants in their relationship to the historical unfolding of the history of salvation (Heilsgeschichte). Special attention will be placed on understanding the biblical covenants in the light of ancient Near Eastern treaties and on their historical inauguration and eschatological fulfillment. (3 hours)

OT730 - Biblical Theology of the Law
An exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological study of the law of God. Special attention will focus on historical-cultural, literary, exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological issues, such as the relation of the Mosaic Law to Mesopotamian law codes, the relation of the Decalogue to the case laws, the relation of the law to the covenants and promise, continuity and discontinuity in the relation of the Old Covenant law to the New Covenant, and the relevance of the law in the Christian life. The course will also compare and evaluate the various models of the role/relevance of the Mosaic Law in the Christian life, as presented in various schools of dispensational and reformed theology. (3 hours)

OT735 - Righteousness, Justice & Mercy
(3 hours)

OT9001 - Methodology in OT Research
A consideration of methodological tools appropriate to particular research projects of Old Testament doctoral students. Attention is given to bibliographical concerns pertaining to both primary and secondary literature relevant to research in the field of Old Testament studies. (2 hours)

OT9002 - Indep Doctoral Study in O.T.
Independent research on an approved topic within the scope of the department with a thesis required. (4 hours)

OT901 - Indep Study in Old Testament
Independent research on some aspect of Old Testament studies not specifically treated in other courses. Credit is allowed proportionate to the amount of work but not to exceed 4 semester hours in any one subject. Limited to advanced students and subject to consent of the professor. 1–4 hours. (4 hours)

OT902 - Old Testament Thesis
Independent research and writing of a thesis on an approved topic under the supervision of two faculty advisers. Students will have one calendar year to complete the thesis. If the thesis is not completed by the end of a year, students will be registered in OT903. Enrollment requires consent of the department. 2 or 3 hours. (3 hours)

OT903 - O.T. Thesis Continuation
(1 hour)

OT905 - Special Topics in O.T. Studies
(4 hours)