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Old Testament

 

The purpose of the Department of Old Testament Studies is to equip students to do accurate exegetical work in the Old Testament and to expound the Old Testament in their ministries, with the goal of meeting contemporary needs. The required courses give students the skills necessary for such work as follows:

  • Hebrew grammar, syntax, textual criticism
  • lexicography
  • literary forms
  • Old Testament backgrounds
  • critical theory
  • hermeneutics
  • biblical theology
Contact Information
Phone
214-887-5310
Email
tkarnes@dts.edu; cdoran@dts.edu
Location
Todd – 2nd Fl
Hours
8am-4:30pm
Courses

Explore our OT course offerings

What courses will you take next semester? Click on the courses below to view a full description of what each course covers.

OT5101 Elements of Hebrew I
An introduction to the basic principles of Hebrew phonology and morphology.
OT5102 Elements of Hebrew II
A study of Hebrew morphology and syntax, with an introduction to lexical tools and methods of lexical analysis. Includes translation of the Book of Jonah, with lexical analysis of key words and syntactical analysis of selected forms, phrases, and clauses.
OT5103 Hebrew Exegesis and Old Testament Introduction I
An introduction to the exegesis of Hebrew narrative, including an introduction to textual criticism, as well as a review of Hebrew morphology and syntax in conjunction with translation of the Book of Ruth. The course will also include a survey of the historical, cultural, literary, and theological backgrounds of the Old Testament and an introduction to various forms of Old Testament criticism.
OT5104 Hebrew Exegesis and Old Testament Introduction II
An introduction to the exegesis of Hebrew poetry focusing on the Book of Psalms. The course will also include an introduction to background and interpretive issues in prophetic, wisdom, apocalyptic, and legal literature.
OT5205 Introduction to Old Testament Criticism
An investigation of the origins, development, and impact of various critical approaches to the Old Testament, with a view to understanding and responding to them. Special attention is given to how modern criticism affects exegesis, interpretation, and theology. This elective is highly recommended for students intending to pursue doctoral studies in Old Testament.
OT5206 Seminar in Old Testament Criticism I
A seminar addressing special issues in Old Testament criticism of the Torah and Former Prophets.
OT5207 Seminary in Old Testament Criticism II
A seminar addressing special issues in Old Testament criticism of the Latter Prophets and Writings.
OT5210 The Old Testament in Contemporary Culture
An examination of current issues in Old Testament studies that engages the student in a critical dialogue with contemporary approaches to the sacred texts, culture, history, and religion(s) of ancient Israel. This course is open to MA students.
OT5302 Historical Hebrew Grammar
An inductive and deductive study of biblical Hebrew from the perspective of its historical development within the Semitic family of languages.
OT5305 Advanced Hebrew Grammar
An advanced study of Hebrew grammar and syntax as an essential phase of Old Testament exegesis. The major steps in grammatical and syntactical analysis are explored and then applied to specific passages.
OT5310 Hebrew Reading
Studies in selected portions of the Old Testament to improve the student’s ability to read Hebrew, emphasizing morphology, vocabulary, and syntactical recognition.
OT5315 Old Testament Textual Criticism
A study of the history of the Hebrew text and versions of the Old Testament, with a view to developing ability in doing textual criticism. Students gain practice in solving textual problems and in relating textual criticism to exegesis.
OT5320 The Septuagint
An introduction to the Greek translation of the Old Testament, with attention to its value for textual and lexical studies. Selected Old Testament passages are studied in relation to their use in the New Testament. May also be credited in the Department of New Testament Studies.
OT5325 Biblical Aramaic
A study of the basic principles of phonology, morphology, and syntax of biblical Aramaic. Translation and analysis of the Aramaic portions of Ezra and Daniel are accompanied by discussion of the relevance of Aramaic studies to Old and New Testament research.
OT5330 Introduction to Ugaritic
An introduction to Ugaritic grammar, with reading and analysis of selected poetic texts that have special bearing on the literature and thought of Old Testament Israel.
OT5335 Northwest Semitic Inscriptions
Translation and analysis of Aramaic, Hebrew, Phoenician, and other Northwest Semitic inscriptions, with emphasis on their contribution to Old Testament studies.
OT5340 Introduction to the Aramaic Targums
An introduction to the grammar and syntax of targumic Aramaic, with selected readings from the major Aramaic Targums. Attention is given to targumic translation techniques and the relevance of targumic studies to Old and New Testament research.
OT5345 Introduction to Syriac
An introduction to the grammar and syntax of classical Syriac, with readings from both biblical and extrabiblical Syriac texts. Particular attention is given to the value of a working knowledge of Syriac for Old and New Testament studies.
OT5350 Readings in Syriac Literature
Practice in reading various Syriac texts, with particular attention given to the Syriac Peshitta. Emphasis is on developing a working knowledge of Syriac and an understanding of its application to biblical studies.
OT5355 Introduction to Coptic
A study of the basic principles of phonology, morphology, and syntax for the Sahidic dialect of the Coptic language. The course will provide experience in translation and analysis of selected Coptic texts, introduction to the major scholarly tools available for Coptic research, and discussion of the relevance of Coptic studies for biblical and theological research.
OT5360 Introduction to Akkadian
An introduction to the grammar of Akkadian, with reading from texts relevant to the study of the Old Testament.
OT5365 Readings in Akkadian
A course devoted to the reading and analysis of selected Akkadian legal and mythological texts. The significance of Akkadian literature for the study of the Old Testament will be emphasized.
OT5405 Exegesis of Genesis
An exegetical study of the Book of Genesis in its cultural and historical setting, with attention to its critical problems, theological content, literary features, and modern exposition.
OT5407 Exegesis of Exodus
An exegetical study of the Book of Exodus in its cultural and historical setting, with attention to its literary features and contributions to theology. Attention also is given to preparation for preaching and teaching and to enhancing facility in reading Hebrew.
OT5408 Exegesis of Leviticus
An exegetical study of the Book of Leviticus with attention to the fundamental theological issues in the book and on preparation for teaching and preaching the book.
OT5410 Exegesis of Deuteronomy
An exegesis of the Book of Deuteronomy, with attention to argument, critical problems, and application.
OT5415 Exegesis of Judges-Samuel
An interpretive, literary, and theological study of the Book of Judges and selected portions of 1 and 2 Samuel. The course will include an introduction to Old Testament narrative literature, addressing issues of hermeneutics, theology, and application.
OT5420 Exegesis of Ecclesiastes
A literary, exegetical, and theological study of the Book of Ecclesiastes. The course will address issues of hermeneutics, theology, and application.
OT5425 Exegesis of Proverbs
An exegetical study of selected portions of the Book of Proverbs in its cultural and historical setting, with attention to its critical problems, theological content, literary features, and modern exposition.
OT5430 Exegesis of Isaiah
An exegetical study of selected portions of the Book of Isaiah, with attention to exegetical-theological method and homiletical application.
OT5435 Exegesis of the Minor Prophets
An exegetical study of selected Minor Prophets, with emphasis on principles of interpreting prophetic literature, exegetical-theological method, and homiletical application.
OT5445 Exegesis of the Song of Songs
An exegetical study of the Book of Song of Songs (Song of Solomon), with special focus on the historical-cultural-literary interpretation of the book as well as contemporary application and modern exposition. The exegesis will emphasize its literary features and the contribution of the literary genre of ancient Near Eastern love literature to understanding the book and dealing with interpretive problems. The course also will address introductory, critical, and hermeneutical issues unique to this book.
OT5450 Exegesis of Job
A literary, exegetical, and theological study of the Book of Job. The course also will address issues of hermeneutics, theology, and application.
OT5605 Old Testament Backgrounds
A survey of the physical, historical, and cultural world of the Old Testament, with special attention to its influence on Israel and the Bible and to its value in a modern understanding and communication of the Old Testament.
OT5606 Seminar in Old Testament Backgrounds
A seminar addressing special issues related to Old Testament backgrounds. Prerequisite: OT5605 Old Testament Backgrounds.
OT5610 History of Israel
A study of the history of Israel in the context of the ancient Near Eastern world. May also be credited in the Department of Bible Exposition.
OT5615 Israelite Religion in Its Ancient NearEastern Context
A study of the religion of Israel in Old Testament times in both a descriptive and normative sense against the background of the historical, cultural, and religious world of which it was a part.
OT5705 Introduction to Old Testament Biblical Theology
A study of the nature and history of the biblical theology movement, a survey of major contributors to the study of Old Testament biblical theology, and a proposal for doing biblical theology according to proper exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological method.
OT5710 Knowing God through the Old Testament
A study of divine names, titles, roles, attributes, and acts/self-revelation, with a view to their relevance for Christian theology, worship, and ethics. The course also will compare and contrast Israelite monotheism with ancient Near Eastern polytheism in an effort to help the student appreciate the unique revelatory nature of Israel’s religion.
OT5720 Use of the Old Testament in the New Testament
A textual, exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological study of selected quotations of the Old Testament in the New Testament. May also be credited in the Department of New Testament Studies or the Department of Bible Exposition.
OT5725 Biblical Theology of Covenants
An exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological study of the major biblical covenants in their relationship to the historical unfolding of the history of salvation (Heilsgeschichte). Special attention will be placed on understanding the biblical covenants in light of ancient Near Eastern treaties and on their historical inauguration and eschatological fulfillment.
OT5730 Biblical Theology of the Law
An exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological study of the law of God. Special attention will focus on historical-cultural, literary, exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological issues, such as the relation of the Mosaic Law to Mesopotamian law codes, the relation of the Decalogue to the case laws, the relation of the Law to the covenants and promise, continuity and discontinuity in the relation of the Old Covenant law to the New Covenant, and the relevance of the Law in the Christian life. The course also will compare and evaluate the various models of the role/relevance of the Mosaic Law in the Christian life, as presented in various schools of dispensational and Reformed theology.
OT5901 Independent Study in Old Testament
Independent research on some aspect of Old Testament studies not specifically treated in other courses. Credit is allowed proportionate to the amount of work but not to exceed four semester hours in any one subject. Limited to advanced students and subject to consent of the professor. 1–4 hours.
OT5902 Old Testament Thesis
Independent research and writing of a thesis on an approved topic under the supervision of two faculty advisors. Students will have one calendar year to complete the thesis. If the thesis is not completed by the end of a year, students will be registered in OT5903. Enrollment requires consent of the department. 2 or 3 hours.
OT5903 Old Testament Thesis Continuation
The thesis continuation course is required of all students writing a thesis who are beyond one year in the thesis process. Students must register for this course each fall, spring, and summer until completion of the thesis. Thesis continuation is permitted for a maximum of one additional semester (for a 2-hour thesis, including summer) or two additional semesters (for a 3-hour thesis, including summer).
OT5905 Special Topics in O.T. Studies
This course is designed for students who choose to participate in special conferences, training, or programs that are more formal in nature and require student participation other than a standard independent study. Approved special topics will provide expertise or training not specifically covered in the seminary curriculum. Credit is allowed proportionate to the required amount of work but is not to exceed four semester hours on any one topic. Enrollment requires consent of the department. 1–4 hours.
OT8101 Old Testament Criticism
An introductory study of Old Testament criticism, including theories on the text and its composition, modern methods of textual analysis, canonicity, and the history, theory, and practice of Old Testament criticism.
OT8102 Historical Hebrew Grammar
An inductive and deductive study of biblical Hebrew from the perspective of its historical development within the Semitic family of languages.
OT8103 Advanced Old Testament Biblical Theology
A critical appraisal of the major studies dealing with Old Testament theology and the development of a self-consistent, comprehensive, and integrative biblical theology.
OT8104 Exegesis in the Torah
An exegetical, critical, and literary study of selected passages in the Torah, designed to enhance an appreciation and comprehension of the literature and an understanding of how it contributes to the overall purpose and message of the Old Testament.
OT8105 Exegesis in the Prophets
An exegetical, critical, and literary study of selected passages in the Prophets, designed to enhance an appreciation and comprehension of the literature and an understanding of how it contributes to the overall purpose and message of the Old Testament.
OT8106 Exegesis in the Writings
An exegetical, critical, and literary study of passages in hymnic, apocalyptic, and wisdom literature designed to enhance an appreciation and comprehension of the literature and an understanding of how it contributes to the overall purpose and message of the Old Testament.
OT8108 Old Testament Dissertation
Independent research and writing of a dissertation on an approved topic pertaining to Old Testament studies, under the supervision of three faculty advisers.
OT8109 Old Testament Dissertation Continuation
The dissertation continuation course is required of all students writing a dissertation who are beyond one year in the dissertation process. Students must register for this course each fall and spring until completion of the dissertation.
OT8210 Introduction to the Dead Sea Scrolls
An introduction to the historical, archaeological, and linguistic backgrounds of the Qumran materials, with attention given to the analysis of selections from 1QIsaa. Emphasis is on the relevance of the scrolls to textual criticism of the Hebrew Bible and the contribution of the scrolls to the study of historical Hebrew grammar.
OT8220 Introduction to Akkadian
An introduction to the basic grammar of Akkadian, with reading from texts relevant to the study of the Old Testament.
OT8225 Readings in Akkadian
A course devoted to the reading and analysis of selected Akkadian legal and mythological texts. The significance of Akkadian literature for the study of the Old Testament will be emphasized.
OT8230 Introduction to Ugaritic
An introduction to Ugaritic grammar, with reading and analysis of selected poetic texts that have special bearing on the literature and thought of Old Testament Israel.
OT8235 Northwest Semitic Inscriptions
Translation and analysis of Aramaic, Hebrew, Phoenician, and other Northwest Semitic inscriptions, with emphasis on their contribution to Old Testament studies.
OT8240 Introduction to the Aramaic Targums
An introduction to the grammar and syntax of targumic Aramaic, with selected readings from the major Aramaic Targums. Attention is given to targumic translation techniques and the relevance of targumic studies to Old and New Testament research.
OT8245 Introduction to Syriac
An introduction to the grammar and syntax of classical Syriac, with readings from both biblical and extrabiblical Syriac texts. Particular attention is given to the value of a working knowledge of Syriac for Old and New Testament studies.
OT8250 Readings in Syriac Literature
Practice in reading various Syriac texts, with particular attention given to the Syriac Peshitta. Emphasis is on developing a working knowledge of Syriac and an understanding of its application to biblical studies.
OT8255 Introduction to Coptic
A study of the basic principles of phonology, morphology, and syntax for the Sahidic dialect of the Coptic language. The course will provide experience in translation and analysis of selected Coptic texts, introduction to the major scholarly tools available for Coptic research, and discussion of the relevance of Coptic studies for biblical and theological research.
OT8260 Seminar on Ancient Near Eastern Literature
A seminar introducing the various genres of ancient Near Eastern literature in their cultural setting, with application to understanding Old Testament literature and theology.
OT8265 Biblical Aramaic
A study of the basic principles of phonology, morphology, and syntax of biblical Aramaic. Translation and analysis of the Aramaic portions of Ezra and Daniel are accompanied by discussion of the relevance of Aramaic studies to Old and New Testament research.
OT8901 Teaching the Old Testament
A student internship, supervised by a departmental professor, in which the philosophy and practice of teaching and writing and the details of class preparation, examination, and grading are discussed. As part of the internship, students are expected to teach at least one session in an approved educational context under supervision of the professor. This course is intended to provide a mentoring relationship to help the student prepare for teaching Old Testament courses at the college or seminary level.
OT8902 Independent Doctoral Study in the Old Testament
Independent research on an approved topic within the scope of the department with a thesis required. Credit is allowed proportionate to the work but not to exceed 4 semester hours. 1–4 hours.
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